Exhibitions

Introduction

Exhibitions are a very common activity that involves artwork owned by different organizations being displayed together, often with additional contextual information linking the pieces together. The exhibition is often presented at different venues over time, and might be part of a series such as the World Fairs or annual exhibitions.

Exhibition Activity

There is an activity which is the exhibiting of the objects. In particular, the exhibition occurs at a certain time given in timespan, at a certain place or places given in took_place_at, and was organized by some actor or actors, likely organizations, given in carried_out_by. It can be recognized as an exhibition using the classification of aat:300054766, "exhibitions". Exhibitions link to the set of objects exhibited with the used_specific_object property to a Set

Note that exhibitions as activities do not have a theme or subject, instead the activity is motivated_by an abstract work -- the idea of the Exhibition, described in the next section.

Example:

{
  "@context": "https://linked.art/ns/v1/linked-art.json",
  "id": "https://linked.art/example/activity/exha/1",
  "type": "Activity",
  "_label": "Manet and Modern Beauty (Getty)",
  "classified_as": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300054766",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Exhibiting"
    }
  ],
  "identified_by": [
    {
      "type": "Name",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300404670",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Primary Name"
        }
      ],
      "content": "Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ],
  "referred_to_by": [
    {
      "type": "LinguisticObject",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300435416",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Description",
          "classified_as": [
            {
              "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300418049",
              "type": "Type",
              "_label": "Brief Text"
            }
          ]
        }
      ],
      "content": "The great painter of modern Paris Edouard Manet famously shocked contemporary audiences with his provocative pictures. The first exhibition ever to explore the last years of his short life, Manet and Modern Beauty highlights a less familiar and more intimate side of this celebrated artist's work."
    }
  ],
  "timespan": {
    "type": "TimeSpan",
    "begin_of_the_begin": "2019-10-08T00:00:00Z",
    "end_of_the_end": "2020-01-12T23:59:59Z"
  },
  "took_place_at": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7023900",
      "type": "Place",
      "_label": "Los Angeles",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300008389",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "City"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "carried_out_by": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/ulan/500115988",
      "type": "Group",
      "_label": "Getty Museum",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300312281",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Museum"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "used_specific_object": [
    {
      "id": "https://linked.art/example/set/exhset",
      "type": "Set",
      "_label": "Exhibition objects"
    }
  ],
  "motivated_by": [
    {
      "id": "https://linked.art/example/concept/exhidea",
      "type": "PropositionalObject",
      "_label": "Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ]
}

graph TD classDef object stroke:black,fill:#E1BA9C,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef actor stroke:black,fill:#FFBDCA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef type stroke:red,fill:#FAB565,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef name stroke:orange,fill:#FEF3BA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef dims stroke:black,fill:#c6c6c6,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef infoobj stroke:#907010,fill:#fffa40,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef timespan stroke:blue,fill:#ddfffe,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef place stroke:#3a7a3a,fill:#aff090,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef event stroke:#1010FF,fill:#96e0f6,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef literal stroke:black,fill:#f0f0e0; classDef classstyle stroke:black,fill:white; O1(activity/exha/1) class O1 event; O1-- type -->O1_0[Activity] class O1_0 classstyle; O1-- _label -->O1_4("''Manet and Modern Beauty (Getty)''") class O1_4 literal; O2(aat:300054766) class O2 type; O2-- type -->O2_0[Type] class O2_0 classstyle; O2-- _label -->O2_3("''Exhibiting''") class O2_3 literal; O1-- classified_as -->O2 O3( _ ) class O3 name; O3-- type -->O3_0[Name] class O3_0 classstyle; O4(aat:300404670) class O4 type; O4-- type -->O4_0[Type] class O4_0 classstyle; O4-- _label -->O4_3("''Primary Name''") class O4_3 literal; O3-- classified_as -->O4 O3-- content -->O3_3("''Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O3_3 literal; O1-- identified_by -->O3 O5( _ ) class O5 infoobj; O5-- type -->O5_0[LinguisticObject] class O5_0 classstyle; O6(aat:300435416) class O6 type; O6-- type -->O6_0[Type] class O6_0 classstyle; O6-- _label -->O6_3("''Description''") class O6_3 literal; O7(aat:300418049) class O7 type; O7-- type -->O7_0[Type] class O7_0 classstyle; O7-- _label -->O7_3("''Brief Text''") class O7_3 literal; O6-- classified_as -->O7 O5-- classified_as -->O6 O5-- content -->O5_3("''The great painter of modern Paris Edouard Manet famously shocked contemporary audiences with his provocative pictures. The first exhibition ever to explore the last years of his short life, Manet and Modern Beauty highlights a less familiar and more intimate side of this celebrated artist's work.''") class O5_3 literal; O1-- referred_to_by -->O5 O8( _ ) class O8 timespan; O8-- type -->O8_0[TimeSpan] class O8_0 classstyle; O8-- begin_of_the_begin -->O8_2("''2019-10-08T00:00:00Z''") class O8_2 literal; O8-- end_of_the_end -->O8_3("''2020-01-12T23:59:59Z''") class O8_3 literal; O1-- timespan -->O8 O9(tgn:7023900) class O9 place; O9-- type -->O9_0[Place] class O9_0 classstyle; O9-- _label -->O9_3("''Los Angeles''") class O9_3 literal; O10(aat:300008389) class O10 type; O10-- type -->O10_0[Type] class O10_0 classstyle; O10-- _label -->O10_3("''City''") class O10_3 literal; O9-- classified_as -->O10 O1-- took_place_at -->O9 O11(ulan:500115988) class O11 actor; O11-- type -->O11_0[Group] class O11_0 classstyle; O11-- _label -->O11_3("''Getty Museum''") class O11_3 literal; O12(aat:300312281) class O12 type; O12-- type -->O12_0[Type] class O12_0 classstyle; O12-- _label -->O12_3("''Museum''") class O12_3 literal; O11-- classified_as -->O12 O1-- carried_out_by -->O11 O13(set/exhset) class O13 infoobj; O13-- type -->O13_0[Set] class O13_0 classstyle; O13-- _label -->O13_3("''Exhibition objects''") class O13_3 literal; O1-- used_specific_object -->O13 O14(concept/exhidea) class O14 infoobj; O14-- type -->O14_0[PropositionalObject] class O14_0 classstyle; O14-- _label -->O14_3("''Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O14_3 literal; O1-- motivated_by -->O14
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Exhibition Concept

The model distinguishes between the concept of the exhibition and the activity that makes that concept real. The concept is created by the people who originally think up the exhibition, long before any of the pieces are collected together. The exhibition concept likely has some theme that results in a coherent set of objects being presented, which could be as complex as post-industrial life or as simple as the life's work of a particular artist.

The concept is modeled as a PropositionalObject, and classified_as aat:300417531 to ensure that it's clearly tagged as an exhibition and separate from the activity. It can have all of the affordances of any concept, such as names, identifiers, references, relationships and more.

Example:

{
  "@context": "https://linked.art/ns/v1/linked-art.json",
  "id": "https://linked.art/example/concept/exhidea/1",
  "type": "PropositionalObject",
  "_label": "Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty",
  "classified_as": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300417531",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Exhibition"
    }
  ],
  "identified_by": [
    {
      "type": "Name",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300404670",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Primary Name"
        }
      ],
      "content": "Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ],
  "about": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300055821",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Beauty"
    },
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/ulan/500010363",
      "type": "Person",
      "_label": "Manet"
    }
  ],
  "created_by": {
    "type": "Creation",
    "carried_out_by": [
      {
        "id": "https://linked.art/example/person/allan",
        "type": "Person",
        "_label": "Scott Allan"
      },
      {
        "id": "https://linked.art/example/person/beeny",
        "type": "Person",
        "_label": "Emily Beeny"
      },
      {
        "id": "https://linked.art/example/person/groom",
        "type": "Person",
        "_label": "Gloria Groom"
      }
    ]
  }
}

graph TD classDef object stroke:black,fill:#E1BA9C,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef actor stroke:black,fill:#FFBDCA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef type stroke:red,fill:#FAB565,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef name stroke:orange,fill:#FEF3BA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef dims stroke:black,fill:#c6c6c6,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef infoobj stroke:#907010,fill:#fffa40,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef timespan stroke:blue,fill:#ddfffe,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef place stroke:#3a7a3a,fill:#aff090,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef event stroke:#1010FF,fill:#96e0f6,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef literal stroke:black,fill:#f0f0e0; classDef classstyle stroke:black,fill:white; O1(concept/exhidea/1) class O1 infoobj; O1-- type -->O1_0[PropositionalObject] class O1_0 classstyle; O1-- _label -->O1_4("''Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O1_4 literal; O2(aat:300417531) class O2 type; O2-- type -->O2_0[Type] class O2_0 classstyle; O2-- _label -->O2_3("''Exhibition''") class O2_3 literal; O1-- classified_as -->O2 O3( _ ) class O3 name; O3-- type -->O3_0[Name] class O3_0 classstyle; O4(aat:300404670) class O4 type; O4-- type -->O4_0[Type] class O4_0 classstyle; O4-- _label -->O4_3("''Primary Name''") class O4_3 literal; O3-- classified_as -->O4 O3-- content -->O3_3("''Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O3_3 literal; O1-- identified_by -->O3 O5(aat:300055821) class O5 type; O5-- type -->O5_0[Type] class O5_0 classstyle; O5-- _label -->O5_3("''Beauty''") class O5_3 literal; O1-- about -->O5 O6(ulan:500010363) class O6 actor; O6-- type -->O6_0[Person] class O6_0 classstyle; O6-- _label -->O6_3("''Manet''") class O6_3 literal; O1-- about -->O6 O7( _ ) class O7 event; O7-- type -->O7_0[Creation] class O7_0 classstyle; O8(person/allan) class O8 actor; O8-- type -->O8_0[Person] class O8_0 classstyle; O8-- _label -->O8_3("''Scott Allan''") class O8_3 literal; O7-- carried_out_by -->O8 O9(person/beeny) class O9 actor; O9-- type -->O9_0[Person] class O9_0 classstyle; O9-- _label -->O9_3("''Emily Beeny''") class O9_3 literal; O7-- carried_out_by -->O9 O10(person/groom) class O10 actor; O10-- type -->O10_0[Person] class O10_0 classstyle; O10-- _label -->O10_3("''Gloria Groom''") class O10_3 literal; O7-- carried_out_by -->O10 O1-- created_by -->O7
Other Representations: JSON-LD (raw) | JSON-LD (playground) | Turtle (raw) | Turtle (styled)

Known Artist without Known Objects

A frequently encountered situation is that we know about a historical exhibition and which artist or artists had works that were exhibited, but do not know any of the individual works. As the artist was likely not present at the exhibition, nor was involved in planning or otherwise executing it, they cannot be a participant in the activity, nor in the conceptualization of the activity. Equally, we might know of an exhibition that was planned around an artist, but it may never have actually occured. Finally, we may wish to link an artist to the exhibition regardless of whether we know the objects or not.

The link to the artist is thus on the Exhibition Concept, rather than related to the activity. If the exhibition is about the artist specifically, then it can be about the artist. If the artist is just known to have had works used in the exhibition, then its Creation should be influenced_by the artist. It can also, of course, be both.

Example:

The conceptualization of the "Manet and Modern Beauty" exhibition was influenced by the Manet and his work.

{
  "@context": "https://linked.art/ns/v1/linked-art.json",
  "id": "https://linked.art/example/concept/exhidea/2",
  "type": "PropositionalObject",
  "_label": "Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty",
  "classified_as": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300417531",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Exhibition"
    }
  ],
  "identified_by": [
    {
      "type": "Name",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300404670",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Primary Name"
        }
      ],
      "content": "Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ],
  "created_by": {
    "type": "Creation",
    "influenced_by": [
      {
        "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/ulan/500010363",
        "type": "Person",
        "_label": "Manet"
      }
    ]
  }
}

graph TD classDef object stroke:black,fill:#E1BA9C,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef actor stroke:black,fill:#FFBDCA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef type stroke:red,fill:#FAB565,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef name stroke:orange,fill:#FEF3BA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef dims stroke:black,fill:#c6c6c6,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef infoobj stroke:#907010,fill:#fffa40,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef timespan stroke:blue,fill:#ddfffe,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef place stroke:#3a7a3a,fill:#aff090,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef event stroke:#1010FF,fill:#96e0f6,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef literal stroke:black,fill:#f0f0e0; classDef classstyle stroke:black,fill:white; O1(concept/exhidea/2) class O1 infoobj; O1-- type -->O1_0[PropositionalObject] class O1_0 classstyle; O1-- _label -->O1_4("''Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O1_4 literal; O2(aat:300417531) class O2 type; O2-- type -->O2_0[Type] class O2_0 classstyle; O2-- _label -->O2_3("''Exhibition''") class O2_3 literal; O1-- classified_as -->O2 O3( _ ) class O3 name; O3-- type -->O3_0[Name] class O3_0 classstyle; O4(aat:300404670) class O4 type; O4-- type -->O4_0[Type] class O4_0 classstyle; O4-- _label -->O4_3("''Primary Name''") class O4_3 literal; O3-- classified_as -->O4 O3-- content -->O3_3("''Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O3_3 literal; O1-- identified_by -->O3 O5( _ ) class O5 event; O5-- type -->O5_0[Creation] class O5_0 classstyle; O6(ulan:500010363) class O6 actor; O6-- type -->O6_0[Person] class O6_0 classstyle; O6-- _label -->O6_3("''Manet''") class O6_3 literal; O5-- influenced_by -->O6 O1-- created_by -->O5
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Multiple Venues

Some exhibitions are shown at different locations over time, moving from one museum or exhibition hall to another. In this case, each of the different locations is treated as an exhibition activity in its own right, and then a broader "travelling exhibition" (aat:300054773) is created that these are part of. Note that the travelling exhibition can have separate properties from its parts, such as a label to distinguish the joint nature and a broader timespan that covers all of the venues. There is no need to duplicate the organizations and locations in the travelling exhibition, these can be determined more easily by looking at the exhibitions that it consists of.

Example:

{
  "@context": "https://linked.art/ns/v1/linked-art.json",
  "id": "https://linked.art/example/activity/exhb/1",
  "type": "Activity",
  "_label": "Manet and Modern Beauty (AIC)",
  "classified_as": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300054766",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Exhibiting"
    }
  ],
  "identified_by": [
    {
      "type": "Name",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300404670",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Primary Name"
        }
      ],
      "content": "Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ],
  "timespan": {
    "type": "TimeSpan",
    "begin_of_the_begin": "2019-05-26T00:00:00Z",
    "end_of_the_end": "2019-09-08T23:59:59Z"
  },
  "took_place_at": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7013596",
      "type": "Place",
      "_label": "Chicago",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300008389",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "City"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "carried_out_by": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/ulan/500304669",
      "type": "Group",
      "_label": "Art Institute",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300312281",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Museum"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "used_specific_object": [
    {
      "id": "https://linked.art/example/set/exhset",
      "type": "Set",
      "_label": "Exhibition objects"
    }
  ],
  "motivated_by": [
    {
      "id": "https://linked.art/example/concept/exhidea",
      "type": "PropositionalObject",
      "_label": "Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ],
  "part_of": [
    {
      "id": "https://linked.art/example/event/exhab",
      "type": "Activity",
      "_label": "Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ]
}

graph TD classDef object stroke:black,fill:#E1BA9C,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef actor stroke:black,fill:#FFBDCA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef type stroke:red,fill:#FAB565,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef name stroke:orange,fill:#FEF3BA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef dims stroke:black,fill:#c6c6c6,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef infoobj stroke:#907010,fill:#fffa40,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef timespan stroke:blue,fill:#ddfffe,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef place stroke:#3a7a3a,fill:#aff090,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef event stroke:#1010FF,fill:#96e0f6,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef literal stroke:black,fill:#f0f0e0; classDef classstyle stroke:black,fill:white; O1(activity/exhb/1) class O1 event; O1-- type -->O1_0[Activity] class O1_0 classstyle; O1-- _label -->O1_4("''Manet and Modern Beauty (AIC)''") class O1_4 literal; O2(aat:300054766) class O2 type; O2-- type -->O2_0[Type] class O2_0 classstyle; O2-- _label -->O2_3("''Exhibiting''") class O2_3 literal; O1-- classified_as -->O2 O3( _ ) class O3 name; O3-- type -->O3_0[Name] class O3_0 classstyle; O4(aat:300404670) class O4 type; O4-- type -->O4_0[Type] class O4_0 classstyle; O4-- _label -->O4_3("''Primary Name''") class O4_3 literal; O3-- classified_as -->O4 O3-- content -->O3_3("''Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O3_3 literal; O1-- identified_by -->O3 O5( _ ) class O5 timespan; O5-- type -->O5_0[TimeSpan] class O5_0 classstyle; O5-- begin_of_the_begin -->O5_2("''2019-05-26T00:00:00Z''") class O5_2 literal; O5-- end_of_the_end -->O5_3("''2019-09-08T23:59:59Z''") class O5_3 literal; O1-- timespan -->O5 O6(tgn:7013596) class O6 place; O6-- type -->O6_0[Place] class O6_0 classstyle; O6-- _label -->O6_3("''Chicago''") class O6_3 literal; O7(aat:300008389) class O7 type; O7-- type -->O7_0[Type] class O7_0 classstyle; O7-- _label -->O7_3("''City''") class O7_3 literal; O6-- classified_as -->O7 O1-- took_place_at -->O6 O8(ulan:500304669) class O8 actor; O8-- type -->O8_0[Group] class O8_0 classstyle; O8-- _label -->O8_3("''Art Institute''") class O8_3 literal; O9(aat:300312281) class O9 type; O9-- type -->O9_0[Type] class O9_0 classstyle; O9-- _label -->O9_3("''Museum''") class O9_3 literal; O8-- classified_as -->O9 O1-- carried_out_by -->O8 O10(set/exhset) class O10 infoobj; O10-- type -->O10_0[Set] class O10_0 classstyle; O10-- _label -->O10_3("''Exhibition objects''") class O10_3 literal; O1-- used_specific_object -->O10 O11(event/exhab) class O11 event; O11-- type -->O11_0[Activity] class O11_0 classstyle; O11-- _label -->O11_3("''Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O11_3 literal; O1-- part_of -->O11 O12(concept/exhidea) class O12 infoobj; O12-- type -->O12_0[PropositionalObject] class O12_0 classstyle; O12-- _label -->O12_3("''Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O12_3 literal; O1-- motivated_by -->O12
Other Representations: JSON-LD (raw) | JSON-LD (playground) | Turtle (raw) | Turtle (styled)

{
  "@context": "https://linked.art/ns/v1/linked-art.json",
  "id": "https://linked.art/example/event/exhab/1",
  "type": "Activity",
  "_label": "Manet and Modern Beauty",
  "classified_as": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300054773",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Exhibiting in multiple locations"
    }
  ],
  "identified_by": [
    {
      "type": "Name",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300404670",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Primary Name"
        }
      ],
      "content": "Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ],
  "timespan": {
    "type": "TimeSpan",
    "begin_of_the_begin": "2019-05-26T00:00:00Z",
    "end_of_the_end": "2020-01-12T23:59:59Z"
  },
  "motivated_by": [
    {
      "id": "https://linked.art/example/concept/exhidea",
      "type": "PropositionalObject",
      "_label": "Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ]
}

graph TD classDef object stroke:black,fill:#E1BA9C,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef actor stroke:black,fill:#FFBDCA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef type stroke:red,fill:#FAB565,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef name stroke:orange,fill:#FEF3BA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef dims stroke:black,fill:#c6c6c6,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef infoobj stroke:#907010,fill:#fffa40,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef timespan stroke:blue,fill:#ddfffe,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef place stroke:#3a7a3a,fill:#aff090,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef event stroke:#1010FF,fill:#96e0f6,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef literal stroke:black,fill:#f0f0e0; classDef classstyle stroke:black,fill:white; O1(event/exhab/1) class O1 event; O1-- type -->O1_0[Activity] class O1_0 classstyle; O1-- _label -->O1_4("''Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O1_4 literal; O2(aat:300054773) class O2 type; O2-- type -->O2_0[Type] class O2_0 classstyle; O2-- _label -->O2_3("''Exhibiting in multiple locations''") class O2_3 literal; O1-- classified_as -->O2 O3( _ ) class O3 name; O3-- type -->O3_0[Name] class O3_0 classstyle; O4(aat:300404670) class O4 type; O4-- type -->O4_0[Type] class O4_0 classstyle; O4-- _label -->O4_3("''Primary Name''") class O4_3 literal; O3-- classified_as -->O4 O3-- content -->O3_3("''Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O3_3 literal; O1-- identified_by -->O3 O5( _ ) class O5 timespan; O5-- type -->O5_0[TimeSpan] class O5_0 classstyle; O5-- begin_of_the_begin -->O5_2("''2019-05-26T00:00:00Z''") class O5_2 literal; O5-- end_of_the_end -->O5_3("''2020-01-12T23:59:59Z''") class O5_3 literal; O1-- timespan -->O5 O6(concept/exhidea) class O6 infoobj; O6-- type -->O6_0[PropositionalObject] class O6_0 classstyle; O6-- _label -->O6_3("''Idea for Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O6_3 literal; O1-- motivated_by -->O6
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Objects

The collection of art objects on display at exhibitions can be listed from the Exhibition with the property used_specific_object. The model for the set of objects that make up the content of the exhibition is the same as the model for permanent collections -- the objects are collected together into a Set, which is used by the Exhibition.

For travelling exhibitions described above, a different collection of objects should be referenced from each of the venues if those sets are substantially different. Objects are typically added or removed, and each venue will likely have its own context specific information such as descriptions or labels. The top level activity representing the overall exhibition does not have its own Set in the travelling exhibition case.

Example:

The objects in Manet and Modern Beauty ...

{
  "@context": "https://linked.art/ns/v1/linked-art.json",
  "id": "https://linked.art/example/set/exhset/1",
  "type": "Set",
  "_label": "Exhibition objects",
  "classified_as": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300378926",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Exhibition Collection"
    }
  ],
  "identified_by": [
    {
      "type": "Name",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300404670",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Primary Name"
        }
      ],
      "content": "Objects in Manet and Modern Beauty"
    }
  ],
  "referred_to_by": [
    {
      "type": "LinguisticObject",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300435416",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Description",
          "classified_as": [
            {
              "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300418049",
              "type": "Type",
              "_label": "Brief Text"
            }
          ]
        }
      ],
      "content": "Objects in the exhibition Manet and Modern Beauty at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Getty Museum"
    }
  ],
  "created_by": {
    "type": "Creation",
    "timespan": {
      "type": "TimeSpan",
      "begin_of_the_begin": "2019-05-01T00:00:00Z",
      "end_of_the_end": "2019-05-01T23:59:59Z"
    }
  }
}

graph TD classDef object stroke:black,fill:#E1BA9C,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef actor stroke:black,fill:#FFBDCA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef type stroke:red,fill:#FAB565,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef name stroke:orange,fill:#FEF3BA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef dims stroke:black,fill:#c6c6c6,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef infoobj stroke:#907010,fill:#fffa40,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef timespan stroke:blue,fill:#ddfffe,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef place stroke:#3a7a3a,fill:#aff090,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef event stroke:#1010FF,fill:#96e0f6,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef literal stroke:black,fill:#f0f0e0; classDef classstyle stroke:black,fill:white; O1(set/exhset/1) class O1 infoobj; O1-- type -->O1_0[Set] class O1_0 classstyle; O1-- _label -->O1_4("''Exhibition objects''") class O1_4 literal; O2(aat:300378926) class O2 type; O2-- type -->O2_0[Type] class O2_0 classstyle; O2-- _label -->O2_3("''Exhibition Collection''") class O2_3 literal; O1-- classified_as -->O2 O3( _ ) class O3 name; O3-- type -->O3_0[Name] class O3_0 classstyle; O4(aat:300404670) class O4 type; O4-- type -->O4_0[Type] class O4_0 classstyle; O4-- _label -->O4_3("''Primary Name''") class O4_3 literal; O3-- classified_as -->O4 O3-- content -->O3_3("''Objects in Manet and Modern Beauty''") class O3_3 literal; O1-- identified_by -->O3 O5( _ ) class O5 infoobj; O5-- type -->O5_0[LinguisticObject] class O5_0 classstyle; O6(aat:300435416) class O6 type; O6-- type -->O6_0[Type] class O6_0 classstyle; O6-- _label -->O6_3("''Description''") class O6_3 literal; O7(aat:300418049) class O7 type; O7-- type -->O7_0[Type] class O7_0 classstyle; O7-- _label -->O7_3("''Brief Text''") class O7_3 literal; O6-- classified_as -->O7 O5-- classified_as -->O6 O5-- content -->O5_3("''Objects in the exhibition Manet and Modern Beauty at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Getty Museum''") class O5_3 literal; O1-- referred_to_by -->O5 O8( _ ) class O8 event; O8-- type -->O8_0[Creation] class O8_0 classstyle; O9( _ ) class O9 timespan; O9-- type -->O9_0[TimeSpan] class O9_0 classstyle; O9-- begin_of_the_begin -->O9_2("''2019-05-01T00:00:00Z''") class O9_2 literal; O9-- end_of_the_end -->O9_3("''2019-05-01T23:59:59Z''") class O9_3 literal; O8-- timespan -->O9 O1-- created_by -->O8
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... include Jeanne, by Manet.

{
  "@context": "https://linked.art/ns/v1/linked-art.json",
  "id": "https://linked.art/example/object/spring/12",
  "type": "HumanMadeObject",
  "_label": "Jeanne (Spring) by Manet",
  "classified_as": [
    {
      "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300033618",
      "type": "Type",
      "_label": "Painting",
      "classified_as": [
        {
          "id": "http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300435443",
          "type": "Type",
          "_label": "Type of Work"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "identified_by": [
    {
      "type": "Name",
      "content": "Jeanne (Spring)"
    }
  ],
  "member_of": [
    {
      "id": "https://linked.art/example/set/exhset",
      "type": "Set"
    }
  ]
}

graph TD classDef object stroke:black,fill:#E1BA9C,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef actor stroke:black,fill:#FFBDCA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef type stroke:red,fill:#FAB565,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef name stroke:orange,fill:#FEF3BA,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef dims stroke:black,fill:#c6c6c6,rx:20px,ry:20px; classDef infoobj stroke:#907010,fill:#fffa40,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef timespan stroke:blue,fill:#ddfffe,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef place stroke:#3a7a3a,fill:#aff090,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef event stroke:#1010FF,fill:#96e0f6,rx:20px,ry:20px classDef literal stroke:black,fill:#f0f0e0; classDef classstyle stroke:black,fill:white; O1(object/spring/12) class O1 object; O1-- type -->O1_0[HumanMadeObject] class O1_0 classstyle; O1-- _label -->O1_4("''Jeanne (Spring) by Manet''") class O1_4 literal; O2(aat:300033618) class O2 type; O2-- type -->O2_0[Type] class O2_0 classstyle; O2-- _label -->O2_3("''Painting''") class O2_3 literal; O3(aat:300435443) class O3 type; O3-- type -->O3_0[Type] class O3_0 classstyle; O3-- _label -->O3_3("''Type of Work''") class O3_3 literal; O2-- classified_as -->O3 O1-- classified_as -->O2 O4( _ ) class O4 name; O4-- type -->O4_0[Name] class O4_0 classstyle; O4-- content -->O4_2("''Jeanne (Spring)''") class O4_2 literal; O1-- identified_by -->O4 O5(set/exhset) class O5 infoobj; O5-- type -->O5_0[Set] class O5_0 classstyle; O1-- member_of -->O5
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Integration with Other Parts of the Model

Provenance Events for Exhibitions

As objects used for exhibitions frequently come from many different organizations, it is useful and interesting to track the custody of the object as well as the ownership. This event is modeled in the same way as other Custody changes.

For each exhibition, the custody of the object is transferred from the previous custodian to the next. In the simple case of a single venue for the exhibition, the first transfer is likely to be from the owner to the organization responsible for the exhibition, and then at the end of the exhibition, the custody is transferred back again. In a more complex scenario with multiple venues, each organization hosting the exhibition will likely transfer custody to the next in the sequence.

However, when the object being exhibited at the location is owned by the same organization, there is no transfer of custody. The equivalent activity is likely to be simply moving the object from its regular location to the exhibition space. This is described in the same way as other Movement events.

The provenance activities can be linked to the Exhibition by asserting that they are part_of the Exhibition activity.

Exhibition Specific Titles

The curators for exhibitions sometimes assign new titles or names for objects. This is an instance of the Context Specific Assertions pattern.